LORD OF THE RINGS: RETURN OF THE KING
Tolkien fan PETER JACKSON makes history with The Lord of the Rings,
becoming the first person to direct three major feature films simultaneously.
Released in 2001, the first film in the trilogy, The Lord of the Rings: The
Fellowship of the Ring, was nominated for 13 Academy Awards, including Best
Director, and won four. The film also received the American Film Institute's
prestigious Film Award and was nominated for 12 awards from the British Academy
of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), winning awards for Best Film and garnering
Jackson the David Lean Award for direction. In addition to four Golden Globe
nominations, the film also received numerous distinctions and awards around the
world. The second installment, The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, was
released December 18, 2002, to the highest December opening day in history. It
was the number one film for three weeks running and went on to earn $921 million
worldwide, making it the fourth highest grossing film of all time. The second
installment garnered six Oscar nominations, including Best Picture, and won two
awards, for Visual Effects and Sound Effects Editing.
received widespread acclaim for his 1994 feature Heavenly Creatures,
which was awarded a Silver Lion at the Venice Film Festival and an Academy Award
nomination for Best Screenplay. Written by Jackson and his collaborator, Fran
Walsh, the film is based on an infamous New Zealand murder of the 1950s, and the
story of two intelligent and imaginative young girls whose obsessive friendship
leads them to murder one of their mothers.
Other film credits
include The Frighteners starring Michael J. Fox, the adult puppet feature
Meet the Feebles and Braindead, which Jackson co-wrote. Braindead
played at festivals around the world winning 16 international science fiction
awards including the prestigious Saturn. Jackson also co-directed the television
documentary "Forgotten Silver" which also hit the film festival
Born in New Zealand on
Halloween in 1961, Jackson began at an early age making movies with his parents'
Super 8 camera. At seventeen he left school, and failing to get a job in the New
Zealand film industry as he had hoped, started work as a photo-engraving
apprentice. After purchasing a 16mm camera, Jackson began shooting a science
fiction comedy short, which, three years later, had grown to a seventy-five
minute feature called Bad Taste, funded entirely from his own wages. The
New Zealand Film Commission eventually gave Jackson money to complete the film,
which has become a cult classic.
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