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NICOLAS WINDING REFN (Director), born in Denmark, is known for his edgy and visually stimulating films. His first film, which he wrote and directed when he was only twenty-four, was the extremely violent and uncompromising, "Pusher.”

"Pusher” became a cult phenomenon and won him instant international critical acclaim in 1996.

After the success of his debut, Refn wrote, produced, and directed his next film, "Bleeder.” Highly stylized and focused on introverted reactions to outward situations, this film was a marking point for the shaping of Nicolas's career. "Bleeder” premiered at the 1999 Venice International Film Festival.

Refn's third feature, "Fear X” (2003) was his first foray into English language films. Starring John Turturro and co-written by Hubert Selby, Jr, "Fear X” received its world premiere at Sundance Film festival. The film's stormy career pushed famed journalist Henrik List, to write a biography on Refn, spanning his earlier years from "Pusher: (1996) to "Fear X” (2003).

Following "Fear X,” Refn returned to his native Denmark to write, direct and produce "Pusher II” (2004) and "Pusher III” (2005), as a result of his first movie's growing cult following. The subsequent success of "Pusher” II and III, along with the first, became the internationally renowned "Pusher Trilogy,” premiering at the Toronto Film Festival in 2005 and cementing it as a worldwide phenomenon.

In 2006, Refn wrote and directed "Bronson,” an ultra-violent, surreal, escapist film following the real life landmarks and self-entrapment of Britain's most notorious criminal, Michael Peterson, who claims his alter ego is legendary actor, Charles Bronson. The film premiered at the 2009 Sundance Film Festival, and resulted in the world media calling Refn the next great European auteur.

Refn next wrote, directed and produced "Valhalla Rising,” starring his long time collaborator, Mads Mikkelsen. "Valhalla Rising” is a film inspired by a story Refn's mother read to him when he was young. The film premiered at the 2009 Venice Film Festival and led the world media to define his filmic style as "Refn-esk.”

In addition to the films Refn has made, he and his wife Liv Corfixen were the subjects of an acclaimed documentary, "Gambler,” which premiered at the Rotterdam International Film Festival in 2005. Refn has already received two lifetime achievement awards (one from Taipei International Film festival in 2006 and the second from Valencia International Film Festival in 2007) and was the winner of the Emerging Master Award from the Philadelphia International Film Festival in 2005.

Next up, Refn will produce and direct a film he wrote called "Only God Forgives,” which is currently in pre-production in Thailand.

Refn lives in Copenhagen with his wife and their two children.

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