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The Art of Flying
A story about a family of witches cannot be told without at least a little bit of flying, broomstick or no

A story about a family of witches cannot be told without at least a little bit of flying, broomstick or no. Griffin Dunne brought in visual effects supervisor John Scheele to get the ladies off the ground.

The sequence had been carefully planned by Scheele and SFX coordinator Burt Dalton. Initially, Scheele extensively pre-visualized the sequence for director Dunne using a CGI simulation of the scene with 3-D figures.

"This gave us a very tight road map of how to shoot the green-screen performances of the actors," explains Scheele. Once the scene had been fully mapped out, Burton then designed an elaborate rig which enabled all six of the actors to fly at the same time.

Although a green screen would be utilized in the scene (with that portion being staged in a San Juan county fairground building), the actors themselves still had to levitate off the roof of the house. Dressed in cliched witches' costumes, Bullock, Kidman, Wiest, Channing, Evan Rachel Wood and Alexandra Artrip teetered on the widow's walk of the house more than 25 feet from the ground. As the three-generational family of witches (wearing intricate harnesses concealed beneath their costumes) swung out into the air, director Dunne played recorded dance music for the women to "groove" to.

The visual effects weren't limited to the art of flying. John Scheele was also responsible for the creation of Jimmy's ghost and his possession of Gillian, which involved some very complicated and newly created processes.

"When we had our first visual effects meeting," explains Scheele, "both Robin Standefer and I came to the table with the same concept-that of basing the look of Jimmy's ghost on the style of the daguerreotype photographs of the 1850s. Those haunting pictures of dead ancestors and fallen soldiers really inspired us to create something new based on an archaic photographic process. The daguerreotype process is more of a proto form of photography and it looks more like a laser holograph than a photograph. It is like a dark mirrored surface that, when moved in a certain way in the sunlight, makes the image visible."

In order to re-create that look, Scheele researched the CGI tools that were currently available and found them lacking. "J. Riddle and the team over at Cinesite immediately began developing new software. They created what they call an optical flow software, which analyzes and predicts the motion of a figure as it moves across the screen. It creates a distortion of that image that looks kind of like a wave form moving over the figure. Imagine the momentum of someone walking and, as they stop, the image of their movement crests and swarms over them. In movement, the image of Jimmy's spirit is unfocused. But if he stays very still, the focus of his image would collapse and become relatively sharp."

The possession of Gillian by Jimmy also required an innovative approach. "Jimmy is drawn back to Gillian," continues Scheele. "He seeks to merge back with her and even into her. There are a couple of remarkable scenes where we are working with both the real photographic images of Nicole and Goran and cyber scans, which produce 3-D images of their faces. At certain times we can see Jimmy's face rise up inside Gillian's. He is literally lurking inside her. It's like looking at him through amniotic fluid. At first you see him indistinctly, but as he rises up to the surface of her face he takes it over-her eyes become his eyes."

The greatest challenge


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