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January 30, 1933 Hitler is appointed chancellor of Germany.

June 30, 1934 Night of the Long Knives: Hitler has SA leaders murdered when they threaten his control, and other political opponents are killed in the same sweep. 

August 18, 1938 Chief of General Staff Ludwig Beck resigns, protesting Hitler's military aggression and warning of catastrophe. 

Summer 1938 Lieutenant-Colonel Hans Oster organizes a military and civilian network focused on assassinating Hitler. Their plans, however, fail. 

November 9, 1938 Kristallnacht: Widespread violence spreads against German Jews. 

September 1, 1939 World War II begins as Germany invades Poland. 

November 8, 1939 Georg Elser attempts to kill Hitler with a bomb, but fails. 

Summer 1941 Henning von Tresckow begins organizing a resistance within the Army Group Center. 

March 13, 1943 Tresckow's timebomb in Hitler's airplane fails to explode. 

April 7, 1943 Claus von Stauffenberg is severely injured in Tunisia. 

January 24, 1943 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill demand the "unconditional surrender” of Germany. 

Summer 1943 Tresckow, Friedrich Olbricht, and Claus von Stauffenberg begin to alter Hitler's Operation Valkyrie in preparation for a coup. 

October 1943 Stauffenberg named chief of staff of the General Army Office under Olbricht. 

July 11, 1944 First plan to assassinate Hitler by Stauffenberg is aborted. 

July 15, 1944 Second attempt to assassinate Hitler at the Wolf's Lair is aborted. 

July 20, 1944 Stauffenberg sets off a bomb at the Wolf's Lair and the coup attempt begins. That same night, Stauffenberg, Olbricht, Albrecht Mertz von Quirnheim, and Werner von Haeften are executed by firing squad in the courtyard on Bendlerstrasse. 

April 30, 1945 With the war all but over, Hitler commits suicide. 

May 8, 1945 Germany surrenders unconditionally.


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