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WALL STREET: MONEY NEVER SLEEPS

Production Notes
The film's director, three-time Academy Award® winner Oliver Stone, is one of today's most honored and successful filmmakers. For Stone, returning to the world he captured so memorably in 1987's "Wall Street” was not only timely but an opportunity to explore something new. "I think this film is a hell of an entertaining tale and it's fun,” he says. "I don't think I would have enjoyed working on WALL STREET: MONEY NEVER SLEEPS if it hadn't been a wholly original story. Twenty-two years later makes a huge difference. It was very fresh to me.”

Michael Douglas is back in his Oscar®-winning role as Gordon Gekko whose iconic "Greed is good” mantra and daring corporate raids made him a rock star of financial titans. Douglas' distinguished work as a motion picture actor and producer was recently recognized by the American Film Institute with its Life Achievement Award.

One of today's most popular young stars, Shia LaBeouf toplined the summer blockbuster "Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen.” Josh Brolin, a recent Academy Award nominee for his work in "Milk,” portrays Bretton James, a ruthless Wall Street kingpin looking to mentor LaBeouf's Jake Moore character. Frank Langella, an Oscar nominee for his performance as Richard Nixon in "Frost/Nixon,” is Louis Zabel, Jake's boss, whose ill fortune propels Jake on a journey of discovery; Carey Mulligan, who won acclaim and an Oscar nomination for her starring role in the independent drama "An Education,” portrays Winnie Gekko, Gordon's estranged daughter and Jake's fiancée; and Susan Sarandon, Oscar winner for "Dead Man Walking” and a four-time nominee, is Jake's mother Sylvia, who seeks help from Jake when her real estate business is derailed.

The Edward R. Pressman Production is written by Allan Loeb and Stephen Schiff, based on characters created by Stanley Weiser & Oliver Stone. Edward R. Pressman and Eric Kopeloff are the producers. Pressman's credits include the first "Wall Street”, "Badlands,” American Psycho,” "Conan the Barbarian,” "Bad LT.,” "Thank You For Smoking,” "The Crow” and "Reversal of Fortune.” Kopeloff collaborated with Stone on "W,” and was an executive producer on "Stranger than Fiction.” Celia Costas, Alex Young and Alessandro Camon are the executive producers.

After the success of Stone's Academy Award-winning film, "Platoon,” a searing story about the Vietnam War, Oliver Stone chose as his next project a story about the battlefield of American business. Released in 1987, "Wall Street” was the story of Bud Fox, a young stockbroker played by Charlie Sheen, who, in his drive to succeed in the world of finance, becomes corrupted by a powerful and brilliant corporate raider, Gordon Gekko, played by Michael Douglas.

"In making ‘Wall Street,' I really wanted to see the war at home, so to speak, the war in the financial jungle of New York, which is my hometown,” Stone says. In fact, Stone's father was a stockbroker in New York, so the filmmaker was already well acquainted with the Street when he directed the film.

Given Michael Douglas' iconic link to the character that Stone created with Stanley Weiser, his co-screenwriter on "Wall Street,” it may come as a surprise that Douglas' casting as Gekko was unexpected. Stone explains: "Michael had never done a Gekko-type role at that time. He had played mostly romantic or comedic leads, and in ‘Wall Street' he was interpreting a character that was frankly, downright nasty.”

In ‘Wall Street' Gekko gives a speech at a stockholders' meeting in which he extols greed as a positive force in American capitalism. "Greed – for lack of a better word – is good,” proclaimed Gekko. "Greed is right. Greed works. Greed clarifies, cuts through, and captures the essence of the evolutionary spirit. Greed, in all of its forms--greed for life, for money, for love, knowledge--has marked the upward surge of mankind.”

The speech is one of the memorable in film history and to this day, "Greed…is good” remains an oft-quoted line in the media's incessant coverage of the current financial crisis. Douglas's performance as Gordon Gekko earned him the Academy Award for Best Actor, while the character of Gekko has endured and become part of American culture and one of the cinema's great villains. Over two decades later – and after reprising Gekko for WALL STREET: MONEY NEVER SLEEPS – Douglas marvels at the character's continuing impact. "Of all the parts I've played, Gekko is the one people approach me about the most,” he says. "They get a kick out of Gekko – which was always a surprise to me because he was a true villain!”

But then, reasons Douglas, "Wall Street is theater. People love stories about power; people are seduced by power. So I think that's a reason Gekko and the film ‘Wall Street' have endured all these years.”

"Gordon Gekko, through innumerable references in newspapers and magazine articles, has become an iconic character,” says producer Edward Pressman, who produced "Wall Street,” one of several films he would make with Oliver Stone. "‘Wall Street' created the idea of the culture of that financial capital, so it actually affected the people who work there to behave and dress in a certain way.”

Indeed, Gekko's charisma and take-no-prisoners approach to deal-making and wealth accumulation unexpectedly made him a hero to many. Not only did young men on Wall Street adopt Gekko's trademark slicked-back hair and suspenders, but they took his famous "Greed is good” mantra to heart.

"The film's popularity grew over the years,” adds Stone, who was initially surprised by the way audiences embraced Gekko. "I made ‘Wall Street' as a morality tale, and I think it was misunderstood by many. It's still amazing the number of people who came up to me over the years and said, ‘I took on a career on Wall Street because of your movie.' Many of them are now in their 30s, 40s and were doing quite well on the Street -- as honest traders, I should add.”

But even Stone couldn't envision the events that would make the Gordon Gekkos of the world look like small-timers – and ultimately lead to the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression. After completing "Wall Street,” Stone went on to direct many more seminal films, such as "Born on the Fourth of July,” "Natural Born Killers,” "JFK,” and most recently, "W,” while the masters of finance became richer and richer. "What shocked me was this exponentially-growing accumulation of wealth kept going, into the 1990s and 2000s,” says Stone. "The numbers grew and grew, so the millions of dollars became billions of dollars. And the greed of Gordon Gekko was swamped by the greed of the banks.

"By 2008, no more Gordon Gekkos were possible,” he continues. "That character, that kind of buccaneer, was now gone, replaced by institutions that had once formerly been regulated. In the past, a bank was a bank, and an insurance company was an insurance company. In 2008, that all changed. The firewalls between these functions were destroyed by the deregulation of the 1980s and 90s.”

As these real-life Wall Street developments unfolded, work began on a story and screenplay that would catch up with Gekko years after the events of "Wall Street.” Stone was not involved in the film's development at that point, and it wasn't until early 2009, when he read screenwriter Allan Loeb's script for WALL STREET: MONEY NEVER SLEEPS that he considered tackling a new film about the characters and world he had brought to life with "Wall Street.”

"Allan Loeb had experience in finance, and he took an approach which encapsulated the last year of Wall Street and the world economy,” says producer Ed Pressman. "It

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